Хронология пилотируемых космических полётов. Chronologie der bemannten Weltraumflüge. Chronology of the manned space flights.

60th

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Date Ship Crew Country Achievements Duration
1961
1 April 12 Vostok Yuri Gagarin Picture
USSR
The first human flight into space 01 h 48 m
2 May 5 Mercury Freedom-7 Alan Shepard Picture
USA
Suborbital Flight 15 min
3 July 21 Mercury Liberty Bell-7 Virgil Grissom Picture
USA
Suborbital Flight 16 min
4 August 6 Vostok-2 German Titov Picture
USSR
The first daily flight. 25 h 18 m
Year Summary
  • The first year of manned flights.
  • The first two orbital flights in the USSR and two suborbital flights in the USA
  • The record of flight duration = 25h 18 m.
1962
5 February 20 Mercury Friendship-7 John Glenn Picture
USA
The first orbital flight of the USA 4 h 55 m
6 May 24 Mercury Aurora-7 Malcolm Carpenter Picture
USA
The second orbital flight of the USA 4 h 56 m
7 August 11 Vostok-3 Andrian Nikolaev Picture
USSR
The first group flight of two spaceships. The record of flight duration = 94 h 25 m 3 d 22 h 25 m
8 August 12 Vostok-4 Pavel Popovich Picture
USSR
The approchement with Vostok-3 up to 6 km 2 d 22 h 59 m
9 October 3 Mercury Sigma-7 Walter Shirra Picture
USA
9 h 13 m
Year Summary
  • The first orbital flight in the United States
  • The first group flight of two spaceships
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 4 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 4 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 5 (+3 per year)
  • Manned US flights - 5 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 9 (+5 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 9 (+5 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 94h 25 m
1963
10 May 15 Mercury Faith-7 Gordon Cooper Picture
USA
The first daily US flight 1 d 10 h 20 m
11 June 14 Vostok-5 Valery Bykovsky Picture
USSR
The second group flight of two ships. The record duration of the flight is 119 h 6 m. This record, for flights alone, is not surpassed to this day. 4 d 23 h 6 m
12 June 16 Vostok-6 Valentina Tereshkova Picture
USSR
The first woman in space. Convergence with Vostok-5 to 5 km. Tereshkova remained the only female cosmonaut until 1982 2 d 22 h 50 m
Year Summary
  • The first flight of a woman-cosmonaut
  • The second group flight of two spaceships
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 6 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 6 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 6 (+1 per year)
  • Manned US flights - 6 (+1 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 12 (+3 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 12 (+3 per year)
  • The record duration of the flight is 119 h 6 m
1964
13 October 12 Voskhod Vladimir Komarov,
Konstantin Feoktistov,
Boris Egorov
Picture
USSR
The first flight of a multi-seater spacecraft 1 d 0 h 17 m
Year Summary
  • The first flight of a multi-seater spacecraft
  • For the first time in space, three astronauts simultaneously
  • For the first time ever civil specialists
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 9 (+3 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 7 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 6 (+0 per year)
  • US manned flights - 6 (+0 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 15 (+3 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 13 (+1 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 119 h 6 m
1965
14 March 18 Voskhod-2 Pavel Belyaev,
Alexey Leonov,
Picture
USSR
The first flight of a two-seater spacecraft. The first spacewalk. 1 d 2 h 2 m
15 March 23 Gemini-3 Virgil Grissom,
John Young
Picture
USA
The first flight of a two-seater US spacecraft. 4 h 53 m
16 June 3 Gemini-4 James McDivitt,
Edward White
Picture
USA
The first exit of the American astronaut in the open space. 4 d 1 h 56 m
17 August 21 Gemini-5 Gordon Cooper,
Charles Conrad
Picture
USA
For the first time an astronaut (Cooper) commits second space flight. The record of flight duration = 190 h 55 m. 7 d 22 h 55 m
18 December 4 Gemini-7 Frank Borman,
James Lovell
Picture
USA
Record flight duration = 330 h 35 m. The first group flight of American spacecraft. Convergence with Gemini-6A to 30 cm. 13 d 18 h 35 m
19 December 15 Gemini-6A Walter Shirra,
Thomas Stafford
Picture
USA
The first group flight of American spaceships . Convergence with Gemini-7 to 30 cm. For the first time in space at the same time - 4 astronauts. 1 d 1 h 51 m
Year Summary
  • The first spacewalk
  • The first flights of two-seater spacecraft
  • For the first time in space at the same time - 4 astronauts
  • For the first time an astronaut makes two space flights
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 11 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 8 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 13 (+7 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 11 (+5 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 24 (+9 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 19 (+6 per year)
  • Record flight duration = 330 h 35 m
1966
20 March 16 Gemini-8 Neil Armstrong,
David Scott
Picture
USA
The first docking in orbit with a Agena Target Docking vehicle. 10 h 41 m
21 June 3 Gemini-9A Thomas Stafford,
Eugene Cernan
Picture
USA
Cernan came out into outer space. 3 d 0 h 21 m
22 July 18 Gemini-10 John Young,
Michael Collins
Picture
USA
Docking with Agena Target Docking vehicle.
Collins made spacewalk.
2 d 22 h 47 m
23 September 12 Gemini-11 Charles Conrad,
Richard Gordon
Picture USA Record of altitude of the orbit - 1.372 km .
Gordon made spacewalk.
2 d 23 h 17 m
24 November 11 Gemini-12 James Lovell,
Edwin Aldrin
Picture
USA
Aldrin mage 3 spacewalks, with a total duration of 5.5 hours. 3 d 22 h 35 m
Year Summary
  • The first docking in orbit
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 11 (+0 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 8 (+0 per year)
  • US astronauts - 19 (+6 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 16 (+5 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 30 (+6 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 24 (+5 per year)
  • Record flight duration = 330 h 35 m
1967
25 April 23 Soyuz-1 Vladimir Komarov
Picture
USSR
The first flight of a new Soviet spacecraft - Soyuz.
First Soviet cosmonaut commits two space flights.
For the first time an astronaut dies while performing a space flight.
1 d 2 h 37 m
Year Summary
  • The first flight of a new Soviet spacecraft - Soyuz
  • First Soviet cosmonaut commits two space flights
  • For the first time an astronaut dies while performing a space flight
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 11 (+0 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 9 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 19 (+0 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 16 (+0 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 30 (+0 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 25 (+1 per year)
  • Record flight duration = 330 h 35 m
1968
26 October 11 Apollo 7 Walter Shirra,
Don Eisel,
Walter Cunningham
Picture
USA
The first flight of a new American spacecraft Apollo. First three American astronauts in one crew. Walter Shirra is the first to make three space flights. 10 d 20 h 9 m
27 October 26 Soyuz-3 George Beregovoy
Picture
USSR
The rapprochement with the unmanned ship Soyuz -2. 3 d 22 h 51 m
28 December 21 Apollo 8 Frank Borman,
James Lovell,
William Anders
Picture
USA
The first flight to the moon. For the first time, three American astronauts entered the near-moon orbit. 6 d 3 h 1 m
Year Summary
  • The first flight of a new American ship - Apollo
  • A year and a half after the death of Kovrov, manned flights are resumed in the USSR
  • The first manned moon flight
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 12 (+1 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 10 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 22 (+3 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 18 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 34 (+4 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 28 (+3 per year)
  • Record flight duration = 330 h 35 m
1969
29 January 14 Soyuz-4 Vladimir Shatalov
Picture
USSR
The first docking of two manned spaceships. 2 d 23 h 23 m
30 January 15 Soyuz-5 Boris Volynov,
Alexey Eliseev,
Evgeny Khrunov
Picture
USSR
The first docking of two manned ships. Eliseev and Khrunov crossed the open space to Soyuz-4. For the first time astronauts started on one, and landed on another spaceship. 3 d 0 h 56 m
31 March 3 Apollo 9 James McDivitt,
David Scott,
Russell Svejkart
Picture
USA
Maneuvers with a lunar cabin at the near-Earth orbit. 10 d 1 h 1 m
32 May 18 Apollo-10 Thomas Stafford,
John Young,
Eugene Cernan
Picture
USA
The second flight to the Moon. General dress rehearsal landing on the moon. 8 d 0 h 3 m
33 July 16 Apollo 11 Neil Armstrong,
Michael Collins
Edwin Aldrin
Picture
USA
Armstrong and Aldrin are the first astronauts on the Moon. 8 d 3 h 9 m
34 October 11 Soyuz-6 George Shonin,
Valery Kubasov
Picture
USSR
The first group flight of three spaceships. 4 d 22 h 42 m
35 October 12 Soyuz-7 Anatoly Filipchenko,
Viktor Gorbatko,
Vladislav Volkov
Picture
USSR
Mutual maneuvers of three spaceships. 4 d 22 h 41 m
36 October 13 Soyuz-8 Vladimir Shatalov,
Alexey Eliseev
Picture
USSR
For the first time in space, seven cosmonauts. 4 d 22 h 50 m
37 November 14 Apollo-12 Charles Conrad,
Richard Gordon,
Alan Bean
Picture
USA
The second expedition with landing on the Moon . 10 d 4 h 36 m
Year Summary
  • The first docking of manned spacecraft
  • The first and second landing of American astronauts on the moon
  • Group flight of three spaceships. For the first time in space, seven astronauts simultaneously
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 21 (+9 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 15 (+5 per year)
  • US astronauts - 24 (+2 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 22 (+4 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 44 (+11 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 37 (+9 per year)
  • Record flight duration = 330 h 35 m

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