Хронология пилотируемых космических полётов. Chronologie der bemannten Weltraumflüge. Chronology of the manned space flights.

60th    

70th

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Date Ship Crew Country Achievements Duration
1970
38 April 11 Apollo 13 James Lovell,
Fred Haise ,
John Swigert
Picture
USA
The explosion in the command module did not allow landing on the Moon. In extreme conditions, using the engine of the lunar module, the crew managed to return on Earth. For the first time the astronaut commits four space flights - Lovell. 5 d 22 h 55 m
39 June 1 Soyuz-9 Andriyan Nikolayev,
Vitaly Sevastyanov
PictureUSSR The longest, up to this day, flight in one space ship. The record duration of the flight is 424 h 59 m. 17 d 16 h 59 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 22 (+1 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 16 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 26 (+2 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 23 (+1 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 48 (+3 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 39 (+2 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 424 h 59 m
1971
40 January 31 Apollo-14 Alan Shepard,
Stuart Rusa,
Edgar Mitchell
Picture
USA
The third landing on the moon. 9 d 0 h 2 m
41 April 22 Soyuz-10 Vladimir Shatalov,
Alexey Eliseyev,
Nikolai Rukavishnikov
PictureUSSR Unsuccessful attempt to dock with the orbital station Salyut-1. Early return on Earth. The third flight of the Soviet cosmonauts - Shatalov and Eliseyev. 1 d 23 h 46 m
42 June 6 Soyuz-11 George Dobrovolsky,
Vladislav Volkov,
Victor Patsaev
PictureUSSR The first long-term expedition to the orbital space station Salyut-1. The crew died by landing. The record duration of the flight is 570 h 22 m. 23 d 18 h 22 m
43 July 26 Apollo 15 David Scott,
Alfred Warden,
James Irvin
Picture
USA
The fourth expedition on the moon. 12 d 7 h 12 m
Year Summary
  • The first long-term expedition to the orbital space station Salyut-1
  • The death of three Soviet cosmonauts
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 25 (+3 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 18 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 30 (+4 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 25 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 55 (+7 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 43 (+4 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 570 h 22 m
1972
44 April 16 Apollo-16 John Young,
Charles Duke,
Thomas Mattingly
Picture
USA
The fifth expedition on the moon. 11 d 1 h 51 m
45 Dec. 7 Apollo-17 Eugene Cernan,
Harrison Schmitt,
Ronald Evans
Picture
USA
The sixth expedition on the moon. 12d 13h 52m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 25 (+0 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 18 (+0 per year)
  • US astronauts - 34 (+4 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 27 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 59 (+4 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 45 (+2 per year)
  • The record of the flight duration is 570 h 22 m (23 d 18 h 22 m)
1973
46 May 25 Skylab-1 Charles Conrad,
Joseph Kerwin,
Paul Weitz
Picture
USA
The first long-term crew of the American space station Skylab. The record duration of the flight = 672 h 50 m. 28 d 0 h 50 m
47 July 28 Skylab-2 Alan Bin,
Jack Lusma ,
Owen Garriott
Picture
USA
The second long-term crew of the American space station Skylab. The record of flight duration = 1427 h 9 m. 59 d 11 h 9 m
48 September 27 Soyuz-12 Vasily Lazarev,
Oleg Makarov
PictureUSSR The first flight of Soviet cosmonauts two years after the death of the Soyuz-11 crew. 1 d 23 h 16 m
49 November 16 Skylab-3 Gerald Carr,
Edward Gibson,
William Pogue
Picture USA The third and last long-term crew of the American space station Skylab. For the first time, astronauts met the New Year in orbit. The record of flight duration = 2017 h 16 m. 84 d 1 h 16 m
50 December 18 Soyuz-13 Pyotr Klimuk,
Valentin Lebedev
Picture USSR For the first time in space Soviet cosmonauts on the Soyuz-13 and American astronauts on the Skylab. 7 d 20 h 55 m
Year Summary
  • The first American orbital space station - Skylab
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 29 (+4 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 20 (+2 per year)
  • US Astronauts - 41 (+7 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 30 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 70 (+11 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 50 (+5 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 2017 h 16 m (84 d 1 h 16 m)
1974
51 July 3 Soyuz-14 Pavel Popovich,
Yuri Artyukhin
PictureUSSR Long-term expedition on the station Salyut-3. 15 d 17 h 30 m
52 August 26 Soyuz-15 Gennady Sarafanov,
Lev Demin
PictureUSSR Unsuccessful attempt to dock with the station Salyut-3. Early crew return on Earth. 2 d 0 h 12 m
53 December 2 Soyuz-16 Anatoly Filipchenko,
Nikolai Rukavishnikov
PictureUSSR Test flight in preparation for the joint Soviet-American project Apollo-Soyuz. 5 d 22 h 24 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 32 (+3 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 23 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 41 (+0 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 30 (+0 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 73 (+3 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 53 (+3 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 2017 h 16 m (84 d 1 h 16 m)
1975
54 January 10 Soyuz-17 Alexey Gubarev,
Georgy Grechko
PictureUSSR Long-term expedition on the station Salyut-4. 29 d 13 h 20 m
55 May 24 Soyuz-18 Pyotr Klimuk,
Vitaly Sevastyanov
PictureUSSR Long-term expedition on the station Salyut-4. 62 d 23 h 20 m
56 July 15 Soyuz-19 Alexey Leonov,
Valery Kubasov
PictureUSSR Joint Soviet-American project Apollo-Soyuz. 5 d 22 h 31 m
57 July 15 Apollo Thomas Stafford,
Donald Slayton,
Vance Brand
Picture
USA
Joint Soviet-American project Apollo-Soyuz. 9 d 1 h 28 m
Year Summary
  • The first international, joint Soviet-American, Soyuz-Apollo project
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 34 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 26 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 43 (+2 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 31 (+1 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 77 (+4 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 57 (+4 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 2017 h 16 m (84 d 1 h 16 m)
1976
58 July 6 Soyuz-21 Boris Volynov,
Vitaliy Zholobov
PictureUSSR Long-term expedition on the station Salyut-5. 49 d 6 h 24 m
59 September 15 Soyuz-22 Valery Bykovsky,
Vladimir Aksenov
PictureUSSR Shooting of the Earth by a multispectral camera made in the GDR. 7 d 21 h 54 m
60 October 14 Soyuz-23 Vyacheslav Zudov,
Valery Rozhdestvensky
PictureUSSR Unsuccessful attempt to dock with the station Salyut-5. Early crew return on Earth. 2 d 0 h 6 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 38 (+4 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 29 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 43 (+0 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 31 (+0 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 81 (+4 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 60 (+3 per year)
  • The record of flight duration = 2017 h 16 m (84 d 1 h 16 m)
1977
61 February 7 Soyuz-24 Victor Gorbatko,
Yuri Glazkov
PictureUSSR The second long-term expedition on the station Salyut-5. 17d 17h 23m
62 October 9 Soyuz-25 Vladimir Kovalyonok,
Valery Ryumin
PictureUSSR Unsuccessful attempt to dock with the station Salyut-6. Early crew return on Earth. 2 d 0 h 46 m
63 December 10 Soyuz-26 Yuri Romanenko,
Georgy Grechko
PictureUSSR The first long-term expedition on the station Salyut-6. The crew returned on the Earth on the Soyuz-27.
A new record of the duration of the crew's stay in space = 2314 h 0 m (96 d 10 h).
Record of cumulative time in space - Grechko for two flights = 3023 h 20 m (125 d 23 h 20 m).
Ship - 37d 10 h 6 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 42 (+4 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 32 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 43 (+0 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 31 (+0 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 85 (+4 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 63 (+3 per year)
  • Record of flight duration (Romanenko, Grechko) = 2314 h 0 m (96 d 10 h)
  • Record of cumulative time in space (Grechko for two flights) = 3023 h 20 m (125 d 23 h 20 m)
1978
64 January 10 Soyuz-27 Vladimir Dzhanibekov,
Oleg Makarov
PictureUSSR The first expedition on the station Salyut-6. The crew returned on the Earth in Soyuz-26. Ship - 64 d 22 h 53 m - Crew - 5 d 22 h 59 m
65 March 2 Soyuz-28 Alexey Gubarev,
Vladimir Remek (Czechoslovakia)
PictureUSSR The second expedition on the station Salyut-6. Vladimir Remek - the first cosmonaut from Czechoslovakia. Ship - 7 d 22 h 17 m
66 June 15 Soyuz-29 Vladimir Kovalyonok,
Alexander Ivanchenkov
PictureUSSR The second long-term expedition on the Salyut-6 station. The crew returned on the Earth in Soyuz-31.
A new record of the duration of stay in space crew = 3350 h 48 m (139 d 14 h 48 m).
Record of cumulative time of stay in space - Kovalenok for two flights = 3399 h 19 m (141 d 15 h 33 m).
Ship - 79 d 15 h 23 m
Crew - 139 d 14 h 48 m
67 June 27 Soyuz-30 Pyotr Klimuk,
Miroslav Hermaszewski (Poland)
PictureUSSR The third expedition on the station Salyut-6. Miroslav Germaszewski is the first cosmonaut from Poland. Ship - 7 d 22 h 4 m
68 August 26 Soyuz-31 Valery Bykovsky ,
Sigmund Jaehn (GDR)
PictureUSSR The fourth expedition on the station Salyut-6. Sigmund Jaehn - the first cosmonaut from the GDR.
The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz-29.
Ship - 67 d 20 h 14 m
Crew - 7 d 20 h 49 m
Year Summary
  • For the first time in space, cosmonauts from other countries, except the USSR and the USA
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 44 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 37 (+5 per year)
  • US astronauts - 43 (+0 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 31 (+0 per year)
  • Cosmonauts of other countries - 3 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 90 (+5 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 68 (+5 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Kovalyonok, Ivanchenkov) = 3350 h 48 m (139 d 14 h 48 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space (Kovalyonok for two flights) = 3399 h 34 m (141 d 15 h 34 m)
1979
69 February 25 Soyuz-32 Vladimir Lyakhov,
Valery Ryumin
PictureUSSR The third long-term expedition at the Salyut-6 station. The crew returned on the Earth in Soyuz-34.
A new record of the duration of stay in space crew = 4200 h 36 m (175 d 0 h 36 m).
Record of cumulative time in space - Ryumin for two flights = 4249 h 22 m (177 d 1 h 22 m).
Ship - 108 d 4 h 24 m
Crew - 175 d 0 h 36 m
70 April 10 Soyuz-33 Nikolai Rukavishnikov,
Georgy Ivanov (Bulgaria)
PictureUSSR Unsuccessful attempt to dock with the station Salyut-6. Early crew return on Earth. Georgy Ivanov is the first cosmonaut from Bulgaria. 1 d 23 h 1 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 45 (+1 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 39 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 43 (+0 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 31 (+0 per year)
  • Astronauts from other countries - 4 (+1 for the year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 92 (+2 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 70 (+2 per year)
  • Record of flight duration (Lyakhov, Ryumin) = 4200 h 36 m (175 d 0 h 36 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Ryumin for two flights = 4249 h 22 m (177 d 1 h 22 m)

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