Хронология пилотируемых космических полётов. Chronologie der bemannten Weltraumflüge. Chronology of the manned space flights.

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Date Ship Crew Country Achievements Duration
1980
71 April 9 Soyuz-35 Leonid Popov,
Valery Ryumin
PictureUSSR The fourth long-term expedition to the Salyut-6 station. The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz-37.
A new record of the duration of stay in space crew = 4436 h 12 m (184 d 20 h 12 m).
Record of cumulatve time in space - Ryumin for three flights = 8685 h 34 m (361 d 21 h 34 m).
Ship - 55 d 1 h 29 m
Crew - 184 d 20 h 12 m
72 May 26 Soyuz-36 Valery Kubasov,
Bertalan Farkas (Hungary)
PictureUSSR The fifth expedition to the station Salyut-6. The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz-35. Bertalan Farkas is the first cosmonaut from Hungary. Ship - 65 d 20 h 54 m - Crew - 7 d 20 h 46 m
73 June 5 Soyuz T-2 Yuri Malyshev,
Vladimir Aksenov
PictureUSSR Sixth expedition to the station Salyut-6. The first test flight of a new modification of the Soyuz T spacecraft. 3 d 22 h 20 m
74 July 23 Soyuz-37 Viktor Gorbatko,
Pham Tuan (Vietnam)
PictureUSSR Seventh expedition to the station Salyut-6. The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz-36. Pham Tuan is the first cosmonaut from Vietnam. Ship - 79 d 15 h 17 m
Crew - 7 d 20 h 42 m
75 September 18 Soyuz-38 Yuri Romanenko,
Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez (Cuba)
PictureUSSR The eighth expedition to the station Salyut-6. Arnaldo Tamayo Mendes is the first cosmonaut of Cuba. 7 d 20 h 43 m
76 November 27 Soyuz T-3 Leonid Kizim,
Oleg Makarov,
Gennady Strekalov
PictureUSSR The ninth expedition to the station Salyut-6. Test flight of the new three-seats modification of the Soyuz T spacecraft. 12 d 19 h 8 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 49 (+4 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 45 (+6 per year)
  • US astronauts - 43 (+0 per year)
  • US manned flights - 31 (+0 per year)
  • Cosmonauts of other countries - 7 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 99 (+7 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 76 (+6 per year)
  • Record of flight duration (Popov, Ryumin) = 4436 h 12 m (184 d 20 h 12 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Ryumin for three flights = 8685 h 34 m (361 d 21 h 34 m)
1981
77 March 12 Soyuz T-4 Vladimir Kovalyonok,
Victor Savinykh
PictureUSSR The fifth long-term expedition to the Salyut-6 station. Victor Savinykh is the 50th cosmonaut of the USSR and the hundredth in the world. 74 d 18 h 38 m
78 March 22 Soyuz-39 Vladimir Dzhanibekov,
Judgerdemidiyin Gurragcha (Mongolia)
PictureUSSR The tenth expedition to the station Salyut-6. Zhugderdemidiin Gurragcha is the first cosmonaut of Mongolia. 7 d 20 h 43 m
79 April 12 Columbia STS-1 John Young , Robert Crippen Picture
USA
The first flight of the US space shuttle. The fifth flight of John Young. 2 d 6 h 21 m
80 May 14 Soyuz-40 Leonid Popov,
Dumitru Prunariu (Romania)
PictureUSSR Eleventh expedition to the station Salyut-6. Dumitru Prunariu is the first cosmonaut of Romania. 7 d 20 h 41 m
81 November 12 Columbia STS-2 Joseph Angle,
Richard Truly
Picture
USA
The second flight of the American shuttle. 2 d 6 h 13 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 50 (+1 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 48 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 46 (+3 per year)
  • US manned flights - 33 (+2 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 9 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 105 (+6 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 81 (+5 per year)
  • Record of flight duration (Popov, Ryumin) = 4436 h 12 m (184 d 20 h 12 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Ryumin for three flights = 8685 h 34 m (361 d 21 h 34 m)
1982
82 March 22 Columbia STS-3 Jack Lusma , Charles Fullerton Picture
USA
The third flight of the American shuttle. 8 d 0 h 5 m
83 May 13 Soyuz T-5 Anatoly Berezovoy,
Valentin Lebedev
PictureUSSR The first long-term expedition to the Salyut-7 station. The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz T-7. A new record of the duration of the crew's stay in space is 5073 h 32 m (211 d, 9 h 32 m). The ship - 106 d 5 h 06 m
Crew - 211 d 9 h 32 m
84 June 24 Soyuz T-6 Vladimir Dzhanibekov,
Alexander Ivanchenkov,
Jean-Loup Chretien (France)
PictureUSSR The first expedition to visit the Salyut-7 station.
Jean-Loup Chretien - the first cosmonaut of France.
7 d 21 h 51 m
85 June 27 Columbia STS-4 Thomas Mattingly,
Henry Hartsfield
Picture
USA
The fourth flight of the American shuttle. 7 d 1 h 9 m
86 August 19 Soyuz T-7 Leonid Popov,
Alexander Serebrov,
Svetlana Savitskaya
PictureUSSR The second expedition to the station Salyut-7. The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz T-5. Savitskaya is the second woman-cosmonaut. The ship - 113 d 1 h 51 m
Crew - 7 d 21 h 52 m
87 November 11 Columbia STS-5 Vance Brand,
Robert Overmyer,
Joseph Allen,
William Lenoir
Picture
USA
The fifth flight of the American shuttle. The first crew of four astronauts. 5 d 2 h 14 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 53 (+3 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 51 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 51 (+5 per year)
  • US manned flights - 36 (+3 per year)
  • Cosmonauts of other countries - 10 (+1 for the year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 114 (+9 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 87 (+6 per year)
  • Record of flight duration (Berezovoi, Lebedev) = 5073 h 32 m (211 d 9 h 32 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Ryumin for three flights = 8685 h 34 m (361 d 21 h 34 m)
1983
88 April 4 Challenger STS-6 Paul White,
Carol Bobko,
Donald Peterson,
Storey Musgrave
Picture
USA
The sixth flight of the shuttle. The first flight of the second multi-use ship - the Challenger. 5 d 0 h 24 m
89 April 20 Soyuz T-8 Vladimir Titov,
Gennady Strekalov,
Alexander Serebrov
PictureUSSR Unsuccessful attempt to dock with the station Salyut-7. Early return to Earth. 2 d 0 h 18 m
90 June 18 Challenger STS-7 Robert Crippen,
Frederick Hawke, John Fabian,
Sally Ryde,
Norman Tagard
Picture
USA
The seventh flight of the shuttle. The second flight of the Challenger. For the first time the crew of 5 astronauts. Sally Ryde is the first American female astronaut. 6 d 2 h 24 m
91 June 27 Soyuz T-9 Vladimir Lyakhov,
Alexander Alexandrov
PictureUSSR The second long-term expedition to the station Salyut-7. 149 d 10 h 46 m
92 August 30 Challenger STS-8 Richard Truly,
Daniel Branden,
Dale Gardner,
Guyon Blufford,
William Thornton
Picture
USA
The eighth flight of the shuttle. Third flight of the Challenger. Guyon Blufford is the first Afro-American in space. 6 d 1 h 9 m
93 November 28 Columbia STS-9 John Young,
Brewster Show,
Owen Garriott,
Robert Parker,
Byron Lichtenberg,
Ulf Merbold (West Germany)
Picture
USA
Ninth flight of the shuttle. Sixth flight of the Columbia. For the first time the crew - 6 astronauts. Ulf Merbold is the first astronaut from the West Germany, the first foreigner on the US spaceship. John Young is the first in the world to make the sixth space flight. 10 d 7 h 47 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 55 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 53 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 65 (+14 per year)
  • US manned flights - 40 (+4 per year)
  • Cosmonauts of other countries - 11 (+1 for the year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 131 (+17 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 93 (+6 per year)
  • Record of flight duration (Berezovoi, Lebedev) = 5073 h 32 m (211 d 9 h 32 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Ryumin for three flights = 8685 h 34 m (361 d 21 h 34 m)
1984
94 February 3 Challenger STS-41B Vance Brand,
Robert Gibson,
Bruce McCandless, Ronald McNair,
Robert Stewart
Picture
USA
The tenth flight of the shuttle. The fourth flight of the Challenger. The first tests of a flying chair. 7 d 23 h 16 m
95 February 8 Soyuz T-10 Leonid Kizim,
Vladimir Solovyov,
Oleg Atkov
PictureUSSR The third long-term expedition to the Salyut-7 station. The crew returned on Earth in the Soyuz T-11. Kizim and Solovyov made six space walks. The new record of the duration of stay in space crew = 5686 h 32 m (236 d 22h 49 m). The ship - 62 d 22 h 43 m
Crew - 236 d 22 h 49 m
96 April 3 Soyuz T-11 Yuri Malyshev,
Gennady Strekalov,
Rakesh Sharma (India)
PictureUSSR The third expedition to the station Salyut-7. The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz T-10. Rakesh Sharma is the first cosmonaut from India. Ship - 181 d 21 h 41 m
Crew - 7 d 21 h 41 m
97 April 6 Challenger STS-41C Robert Crippen,
Francis Skoby,
Terry Hart,
George Nelson,
James van Hoften
Picture
USA
11th shuttle flight. 5th flight of the Challenger. Repair of the satellite in orbit. 6 d 23 h 41 m
98 July 17 Soyuz T-12 Vladimir Dzhanibekov,
Svetlana Savitskaya , Igor Volk
PictureUSSR The fourth expedition to the station Salyut-7. The fourth flight of Vladimir Dzhanibekov. Savitskaya - the first woman who made the second flight and going into outer space. 11 d 19 h 14 m
99 August 30 Discovery STS-41D Henry Hartsfield,
Michael Coates,
Richard Mullain,
Stephen Hawley,
Judit Reznik,
Charles Walker
Picture
USA
12th shuttle flight. The first flight of Discovery. Walker - the first commercial astronaut from McDonnell Douglas. Reznik is the second American female astronaut. 6 d 0 h 56 m
100 October 5 Challenger STS-41G Robert Crippen,
John McBride,
Catherine Sullivan,
Sally Ryde,
David Listma,
Paul Scali-Power,
Mark Garno (Canada)
Picture
USA
13th shuttle flight. 6th flight of the Challenger. For the first time the crew of seven astronauts. First two women in the crew. Garno is the first astronaut from Canada. 8 d 5 h 24 m
101 November 8 Discovery STS-51A Frederick Hawke, David Walker,
Joseph Allen,
Anna Fisher,
Dale Gardner
Picture
USA
14th shuttle flight. 2nd flight of Discovery. Return of two satellites from orbit on Earth. 7 d 23 h 45 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 58 (+3 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 56 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 84 (+19 per year)
  • US manned flights - 45 (+5 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 13 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 155 (+24 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 101 (+8 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Kizim, Soloviev, Atkov) = 5686 h 32 m (236 d 22h 49 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Ryumin for three flights = 8685 h 34 m (361 d 21 h 34 m)
1985
102 January 24 Discovery STS-51C Thomas Mattingly,
Lauren Shriver,
Ellison Onizuka,
James Buchley,
Garry Payton
Picture
USA
15th shuttle flight. 3rd flight of Discovery. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 3 d 1 h 33 m
103 April 12 Discovery STS-51D Carol Bobko,
Donald Williams,
Rea Seddon,
David Griggs,
Geoffrey Hoffman,
Charles Walker,
Edwin Garne
Picture
USA
16th shuttle flight. 4th flight of Discovery. Garn is an American senator in space. 6 d 23 h 55 m
104 April 29 Challenger STS-51B Robert Overmyer,
Frederick Gregory, Don Lind,
Norman Tagard,
William Thornton,
Lodewijk van den Berg,
Taylor Wang
Picture
USA
17th shuttle flight. The 7th flight of the Challenger. 7 d 0 h 9 m
105 June 6 Soyuz T-13 Vladimir Dzhanibekov,
Victor Savinykh
PictureUSSR The fourth long-term expedition to the Salyut-7 station. Restoring the life of the station. Savinykh returned on Earth in Soyuz T-14. The fifth flight of Vladimir Dzhanibekov. The ship - 112 d 3 h 12 m
Dzhanibekov - 112 d 3 h 12 m Savinykh - 168 d 3 h 51 m
106 June 17 Discovery STS-51G Daniel Branden,
John Creighton,
Shannon Lucid,
John Fabian,
Steven Nigel,
Patrick Baudry (France),
Salman Al-Saud (Saudi Arabia).
Picture
USA
18th shuttle flight. 5th flight of Discovery. Baudry is the second astronaut from France. Al-Saud is the first prince-astronaut from Saudi Arabia. For the first time two foreigners in the crew. Steven Nigel is the 100th American astronaut. 7 d 1 h 39 m
107 July 29 Challenger STS-51F Charles Fullerton,
Roy Bridges,
Carl Henice,
Anthony Ingland,
Storey Musgrave , Lauren Acton,
John-David Barto
Picture
USA
The 19th shuttle flight. 8th flight of the Challenger. 7 d 22 h 45 m
108 August 27 Discovery STS-51I Joe Engle,
Richard Covey,
James van Hoftten,
William Fisher,
John Lounge
Picture
USA
20th shuttle flight. The sixth flight of Discovery. 7 d 2 h 18 m
109 September 17 Soyuz T-14 Vladimir Vasyutin,
Georgy Grechko,
Alexander Volkov
PictureUSSR The fifth long-term expedition to the Salyut-7 station. Because of Vasyutin's illness, the crew early returned on Earth. Grechko returned on Earth in Soyuz T-13. 64 d 21 h 52 m
Grechko - 8 days 21 hours 13 m
110 October 3 Atlantis STS-51J Carol Bobko,
Ronald Greyb,
Robert Stewart,
David Hilmers,
William Piles
Picture
USA
21st shuttle flight. The first flight of Atlantis. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 4 d 1 h 45 m
111 October 30 Challenger STS-61A Henry Hartsfield,
Steven Nigel,
Bonnie Dunbar,
James Buchley,
Guyon Blufford,
Ernst Messerschmid (West Germany),
Reinhard Furrer (West Germany),
Wubbo Ockels (The Netherlands)
Picture
USA
22th shuttle flight. 9th flight of the Challenger. First three foreigners in the crew. First two astronauts from Germany. Ockels is the first astronaut from the Netherlands. For the first time in the crew of eight astronauts. The flight was paid by Germany. 7 d 0 h 45 m
112 November 26 Atlantis STS-61B Brewster Show,
Brian O'Connor,
Mary Cleave,
Sherwood Spring,
Jerry Ross , Rudolfo Neri Vela (Mexico),
Charles Walker
Picture
USA
23rd shuttle flight. 2nd flight of Atlantis. Neri Vela is the first astronaut from Mexico. 6 d 21 h 4 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 60 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 58 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 116 (+32 per year)
  • US manned flights - 54 (+9 per year)
  • Cosmonauts of other countries - 19 (+6 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 195 (+40 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 112 (+11 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Kizim, Soloviev, Atkov) = 5686 h 32 m (236 d 22h 49 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Ryumin for three flights = 8685 h 34 m (361 d 21 h 34 m)
1986
113 January 12 Columbia STS-61C Robert Gibson,
Charles Bolden,
Franklin Chang-Diaz,
Steven Hawley,
George Nelson,
Robert Senker
William Nelson
Picture
USA
24th shuttle flight. The 7th flight of Columbia. William Nelson is a member of the US Congress. 6 d 2 h 4 m
- January 28 Challenger STS-51L Francis Skoby,
Michael Smith,
Judit Reznik,
Ellison Onizuka,
Ronald McNair,
Gregory Jarvis,
Krista McAuliffe
Picture
USA
25th shuttle flight. 10th flight of the Challenger. At 73 seconds of the flight, the explosion of the Challenger. Seven astronauts were killed. 73 sec
114 March 13 Soyuz T-15 Leonid Kizim,
Vladimir Solovyev
PictureUSSR Sixth long-term expedition to the Salyut-7 station and an expedition at the Mir station. Unique flight from Mir station to the Salyut-7 station and back. Kizim and Soloviev made two walks in open space. New record of the total duration of stay in space Solovyov (for two flights) = 8686 h 50 m (361 d 22h 50 m); Kizim (for three flights) = 8993 h 58 m (374 d 17 h 58 m) 125 d 0 h 1 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 60 (+0 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 59 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 120 (+4 per year)
  • US manned flights - 55 (+1 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 19 (+0 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 199 (+4 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 114 (+2 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Kizim, Soloviev, Atkov) = 5686 h 32 m (236 d 22h 49 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Kizim for three flights = 8993 h 58 m (374 d 17 h 58 m)
1987
115 February 5 Soyuz TM-2 Yuri Romanenko,
Alexander Lavejkin
PictureUSSR The first long-term expedition to Mir station. The first flight of a new modification of the Soyuz TM spacecraft. Laveikin is cosmonaut number 200 in the world. Romanenko returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-3. The new record of the flight duration - Romanenko = 7835 h 21 m (326 d 11 h 21 m). New record of the total duration of stay in space Romanenko (for three flights) = 10,338 h 21 m (430 d 18 h 21 m); 174 d 3 h 46 m
116 July 22 Soyuz TM-3 Alexander Viktorenko,
Alexander Alexandrov,
Mohammed Faris (Syria)
PictureUSSR The first expedition to the Mir station. Partial replacement of long-term crew. Viktorenko and Faris returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-2. Faris is the first cosmonaut of Syria. Viktorenko and Faris - 7 d 23 h 5 m
Alexandrov - 160 d 7 h 17 m
117 December 21 Soyuz TM-4 Vladimir Titov,
Musa Manarov,
Anatoly Levchenko
PictureUSSR The second long-term expedition to the Mir station. Titov and Manarov returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-6. Titov and Manarov stayed in space for one year. Levchenko was trained as a pilot of the Buran. Levchenko returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-3. A new record of flight duration (Titov and Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m) will be installed next year. The ship is 177 d 23 h 5 m
Titov and Manarov - 365 d 22 h 40 m
Levchenko - 7 days 21 hours 58 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 64 (+4 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 62 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 120 (+0 per year)
  • US manned flights - 55 (+0 per year)
  • Cosmonauts of other countries - 20 (+1 for the year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 204 (+5 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 117 (+3 per year)
  • Record of the flight duration - Romanenko = 7835 h 21 m (326 d 11 h 21 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Romanenko for three flights = 10338 h 21 m (430 d 18 h 21 m)
1988
118 June 7 Soyuz TM-5 Anatoly Solovyov,
Victor Savinykh,
Alexander Alexandrov (Bulgaria)
PictureUSSR Expedition to visit the station Mir. The crew returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-4. Alexander Alexandrov is the second cosmonaut of Bulgaria. The ship - 91 d 10 h 46 m
Crew - 9 d 20 h 10 m
119 August 29 Soyuz TM-6 Vladimir Lyakhov,
Valery Polyakov,
Abdul Ahad Momand (Afghanistan)
PictureUSSR Expedition to visit the station Mir. Lyakhov and Mohmand returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-5. Polyakov stayed to the station and returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-7. The ship is 114 d 5 h 33 m
Lyakhov and Momand - 8 d 20 h 27 m
Polyakov - 240 d 22 h 35 m
120 September 29 Discovery STS-26 Frederick Hawke , Richard Covey,
John Lounge,
David Hilmers,
George Nelson
Picture
USA
26th shuttle flight. 7th flight of Discovery. Resumption of shuttle flights, after the disaster of the Challenger. 4 d 1 h 00 m
121 November 26 Soyuz TM-7 Alexander Volkov,
Sergey Krikalev,
Jean-Loup Chretien (France)
PictureUSSR The fourth long-term expedition to Mir station. The second flight of Jean-Loup Chretien. Chretien returned on Earth in the Soyuz TM-6. The ship - 151 d 11 h 08 m
Volkov and Krikalev - 151 d 11 h 08 m
Chretien - 24 d 18 h 07 m
122 Dec. 2 Atlantis STS-27 Robert Gibson,
Guy Gardner,
Richard Mullain,
Jerry Ross,
William Shepherd
Picture
USA
27th shuttle flight. The third flight of Atlantis. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 4 d 9 h 06 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 67 (+3 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 65 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 122 (+2 per year)
  • US manned flights - 57 (+2 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 22 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 211 (+7 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 122 (+5 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Titov, Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Romanenko for three flights = 10338 h 21 m (430 d 18 h 21 m)
1989
123 March 13 Discovery STS-29 Michael Coats,
John Blaha,
James Baygian,
James Buchley,
Robert Springer
Picture
USA
The 28th shuttle flight. The 8th flight of Discovery. 4 d 23 h 39 m
124 May 4 Atlantis STS-30 David Walker,
Ronald Graib,
Norman Tagard,
Mary Cleave,
Mark Lee
Picture
USA
29th shuttle flight. The 4th flight of Atlantis. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 4 d 0 h 57 m
125 August 8 Columbia STS-28 Brewster Show,
Richard Richards,
James Adamson,
David Listma,
Mark Brown
Picture
USA
30th shuttle flight. 8th flight of Columbia. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 5 d 1 h 00 m
126 September 6 Soyuz TM-8 Alexander Viktorenko,
Alexander Serebrov
PictureUSSR The fifth long-term expedition to Mir station. Since the start of Soyuz TM-8, on September 6, a continuous sequence of crew changes has begun on the station Mir, which lasted until August 28, 1999. Almost 10 years, in space there were people all the time. 166 d 6 h 58 m
127 October 18 Atlantis STS-34 Donald Williams,
Michael McCully,
Shannon Lucid,
Franklin Chang-Diaz, Helen Baker
Picture
USA
31st shuttle flight. 5th flight of Atlantis. 4 d 23 h 39 m
128 November 22 Discovery STS-33 Frederick Gregory,
John Blaha,
Catherine Thornton,
Storey Musgrave,
Manley Carter
Picture
USA
32th shuttle flight. The 9th flight of Discovery. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 5d 00h 07m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 67 (+0 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 66 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 133 (+11 per year)
  • US manned flights - 62 (+5 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 22 (+0 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 222 (+11 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 128 (+6 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Titov, Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m)
  • Record of cumulatve time in space - Romanenko for three flights = 10338 h 21 m (430 d 18 h 21 m)

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