Хронология пилотируемых космических полётов. Chronologie der bemannten Weltraumflüge. Chronology of the manned space flights.

60th  70th  80th   

90th

  2000th  2010th

Date Ship Crew Country Achievements Duration
1990
129 January 9 Columbia STS-32 Daniel Branden,
James Wetherby,
Bonnie Dunbar,
Marcia Ivins,
David Low
Picture
USA
The 33rd shuttle flight. 9th flight of Columbia. 10 d 21 h 01 m
130 February 11 Soyuz TM-9 Anatoly Solovyov,
Alexander Balandin
Picture
USSR
Sixth long-term expedition on Mir station. 179 d 1 h 19 m
131 February 28 Atlantis STS-36 John Creighton,
John Kasper,
David Hilmers,
Richard Mullain,
Pier Tuot
Picture
USA
34th shuttle flight. The sixth flight of Atlantis. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 4 d 10 h 18 m
132 April 24 Discovery STS-31 Lauren Shriver,
Charles Bolden,
Steven Hawley, Bruce McCandless, Catherine Sullivan
Picture
USA
The 35th shuttle flight. The 10th flight of Discovery. Launch of the Hubble telescope. 5 d 1 h 16 m
133 August 1 Soyuz TM-10 Gennady Manakov,
Gennady Strekalov
Picture
USSR
The seventh long-term expedition on Mir station. 130 d 20 h 36 m
134 October 6 Discovery STS-41 Richard Richards , Robert Cabana,
Bruce Melnik,
William Shepherd,
Thomas Akers
Picture
USA
The 36th shuttle flight. 11th flight of Discovery. 4 d 2 h 10 m
135 November 15 Atlantis STS-38 Richard Covey,
Frank Culbertson,
Charles Gemar,
Robert Springer,
Carl Meade
Picture
USA
The 37th shuttle flight. The 7th flight of Atlantis. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 4 d 21 h 55 m
136 December 2 Columbia STS-35 Vance Brand,
Guy Gardner,
Geoffrey Hoffman,
John Lounge,
Robert Parker,
Samuel Durrance,
Ronald Parise
Picture
USA
The 38th shuttle flight. The 10th flight of Columbia. 8 d 23 h 05 m
137 December 2 Soyuz TM-11 Victor Afanasyev,
Musa Manarov,
Toyohiro Akiyama (Japan)
Picture
USSR
The eighth long-term expedition on Mir station. Soyuz TM-11 launched into space one day with Columbia STS-35, 1.5 hours later. Toyohiro Akiyama is the first cosmonaut from Japan. Akiyama returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-10. A new record of the cumulative time in space - Manarov (for two flights) = 12984 h 32 m (541 d 00 h 32 m), after the landing of Manarov on 26.05.91. 175 d 1 h 52 m, Akiyama - 7 d 21 h 55 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 70 (+3 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 69 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 146 (+13 per year)
  • US manned flights - 68 (+6 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 23 (+1 for the year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 239 (+17 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 137 (+9 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Titov, Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Romanenko for three flights = 10338 h 21 m (430 d 18 h 21 m)
1991
138 April 5 Atlantis STS-37 Steven Nigel,
Kenneth Cameron,
Linda Godwin,
Jerry Ross,
Jay Apt
Picture
USA
The 39th shuttle flight. The 8th flight of Atlantis. 6d 00 h 32m
139 April 28 Discovery STS-39 Michael Coats
Blaine Hammond,
Gregory Harbaugh,
Donald McMonaghl,
Guyon Blufford,
Charles Veach,
Richard Hieb
Picture
USA
The 40th shuttle flight. The 12th flight of Discovery. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 8 d 7 h 22 m
140 May 18 Soyuz TM-12 Anatoliy Artsebarsky,
Sergey Krikalev,
Helen Sharman (United Kingdom)
Picture
USSR
Ninth long-term expedition on Mir station. Krikalev returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-13. Helen Sharman is the first woman cosmonaut from Great Britain. Sharman returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-11. Ship and Artsbarsky - 144 d 15 h 22 m
Krikalev - 311 d 20 h 1 m
Sharman - 7 d 21 h 15 m
141 June 5 Columbia STS-40 Brian O'Connor,
Sydney Gutierrez,
James Bagian,
Tamara Jernigan,
Ria Seddon,
Drew Gaffney,
Millie Hughes-Fulford
Picture
USA
41st shuttle flight. 11th flight of Columbia. 9 d 2 h 15 m
142 August 2 Atlantis STS-43 John Blaha,
Michael Baker,
Shannon Lucid,
David Low , James Adamson
Picture
USA
42nd shuttle flight. The 9th flight of Atlantis. 8 d 21 h 21 m
143 September 13 Discovery STS-48 John Creighton,
Kenneth Reightler,
Charles Gemar,
James Buchli,
Mark Brown
Picture
USA
43th shuttle flight. The 13th flight of Discovery. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 5 d 8 h 28 m
144 October 2 Soyuz TM-13 Alexander Volkov,
Toktar Aubakirov (Kazakhstan),
Franz Viehboeck (Austria)
Picture
USSR
The tenth long-term expedition on Mir station. Toktar Aubakirov is the first cosmonaut from Kazakhstan. Franz Viehboeck - the first cosmonaut from Austria. Aubakirov and Viehboeck returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-12. Ship and Volkov - 175 d 2 h 51 m
Aubakirov and Viehboeck - 7 d 22 h 12 m
145 November 24 Atlantis STS-44 Frederick Gregory,
Terence Henriks,
James Voss,
Story Musgrave , Mario Runco,
Thomas Hennen
Picture
USA
The 44th shuttle flight. The 10th flight of Atlantis. 6 d 22 h 51 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 71 (+1 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 71 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 164 (+18 per year)
  • US manned flights - 74 (+6 per year)
  • Cosmonauts of other countries - 26 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 261 (+22 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 145 (+8 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Titov, Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Manarov (for two flights) = 12984 h 32 m (541 d 00 h 32 m)
1992
146 January 22 Discovery STS-42 Ronald Grabe , Stephen Oswald,
Norman Tagard,
Dzwil Hilmers,
William Riddy,
Roberta Bondar (Canada),
Ulf Merbold (Germany)
Picture
USA
The 45th shuttle flight. The 14th flight of Discovery. Roberta Bondar is a female astronaut from Canada. 8 d 1 h 15 m
147 March 17 Soyuz TM-14 Alexander Viktorenko,
Alexander Kalery,
Klaus Dietrich Flade
(Germany)
Picture Russia Eleventh long-term expedition on Mir station. First flight under the flag of Russia. Kalery is Russia's first cosmonaut. Flade returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-13. 145 d 1 h 11 m
Flade - 7 d 21 h 57 m
148 March 24 Atlantis STS-45 Charles Bolden,
Brian Duffy,
Catherine Sullivan,
David Listma,
Michael Foale
Dirk Frimout (Belgium),
Byron Lichtenberg
Picture
USA
46th shuttle flight. The 11th flight of Atlantis. Frimout is the first astronaut from Belgium. 8 d 22 h 9 m
149 May 7 Endeavor STS-49 Daniel Brandenstein,
Kevin Chilton,
Richard Hieb,
Bruce Melnick,
Pier Thuot,
Catherine Thornton,
Thomas Akers
Picture
USA
The 47th shuttle flight. The first flight of the new shuttle Endeavor. 8 d 21 h 18 m
150 June 25 Columbia STS-50 Richard Richards, Kenneth Bowersox,
Bonnie Dunbar,
Yellen Backer,
Karl Meade , Lawrence DeLucas,
Eugene Trinh
Picture
USA
The 48th shuttle flight. 12th flight of Columbia. 13 d 19 h 30 m
151 July 27 Soyuz TM-15 Anatoly Solovyev,
Sergey Avdeyev,
Michel Tognini (France)
Picture Russia Twelfth long-term expedition on Mir station. Tognini is the third cosmonaut of France. Tognini returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-14. 188 d 21 h 39 m
Tognini - 13 d 18 h 56 m
152 July 31 Atlantis STS-46 Lauren Shriver,
Andrew Allen,
Claude Nicollier (Switzerland),
Marcia Ivins,
Jeffrey Hoffman,
Franklin Chang-Diaz,
Franco Malerba (Italy)
Picture
USA
49th shuttle flight. The 12th flight of Atlantis. Nicollier is the first astronaut from Switzerland. Malerba is the first astronaut from Italy. 7 d 23 h 16 m
153 September 12 Endeavor STS-47 Robert Gibson,
Curtis Brown,
Mark Lee, Jay Apt,
Jaan Davis,
May Jemison,
Mamoru Mohri (Japan)
Picture
USA
50th shuttle flight. 2nd flight of Endeavor. First husband and wife (Lee and Davis) together in space. 7 d 22 h 30 m
154 October 22 Columbia STS-52 James Wetherbee,
Michael Baker,
William Shepherd,
Tamara Jernigan,
Charles Veach,
Steven MacLean (Canada)
Picture
USA
51st shuttle flight. 13th flight of Columbia. 9 d 20 h 57 m
155 Dec. 2 Discovery STS-53 David Walker,
Robert Cabana,
Guyon Bluford,
James Voss,
Michael Clifford
Picture
USA
52nd shuttle flight. The 15th flight of Discovery. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 7 d 7 h 19 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 73 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 73 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 177 (+13 per year)
  • US manned flights - 82 (+8 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 34 (+8 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 284 (+23 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 155 (+10 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Titov, Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Manarov (for two flights) = 12984 h 32 m (541 d 00 h 32 m)
1993
156 January 13 Endeavor STS-54 John Casper,
Donald McMonagle,
Gregory Harbaugh,
Mario Runco,
Susan Helms
Picture
USA
53th shuttle flight. 3rd flight of Endeavor. 5 d 23 h 39 m
157 January 2 Soyuz TM-16 Gennady Manakov,
Alexander Poleshchuk
Picture Russia Thirteenth long-term expedition on Mir station. 179 d 00 h 44 m
158 December 2 Discovery STS-56 Kenneth Cameron,
Stephen Oswald,
Michael Foale
Kenneth Cockrell,
Ellen Ochoa
Picture
USA
54th shuttle flight. 16th flight of Discovery. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 9 d 6 h 9 m
159 April 26 Columbia STS-55 Steven Nagel,
Terence Henricks,
Jerry Ross,
Charles Precourt,
Bernard Harris,
Ulrich Walter (Germany),
Hans Schlegel (Germany)
Picture
USA
55th shuttle flight. 14th flight of Columbia. Flight according to the program of Germany. 9 d 20 h 57 m
160 June 21 Endeavor STS-57 Ronald Grabe,
Brian Duffy,
David Low, Nancy Sherlock (Currie),
Peter Wisoff,
Janice Voss
Picture
USA
The 56th shuttle flight. The 4th flight of Endeavor. 9 d 23 h 46 m
161 July 1 Soyuz TM-17 Vasily Tsibliyev,
Alexander Serebrov,
Jean-Pierre Haignere (France)
Picture Russia Fourteenth long-term expedition on Mir station. Haignere is the fourth cosmonaut of France. Haignere returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-16. 196 d 17 h 46 m
Haignere - 20 d 16 h 9 m
162 September 12 Discovery STS-51 Frank Culbertson,
William Readdy,
James Newman
Daniel Bursch,
Carl Walz
Picture
USA
The 57th shuttle flight. The 17th flight of Discovery. Flight for the US Department of Defense. 9 d 20 h 11 m
163 October 18 Columbia STS-58 John Blaha,
Richard Searfoss,
Shannon Lucid,
David Wolf,
William McArthur,
Ria Seddon,
Martin Fettman
Picture
USA
The 58th shuttle flight. The 15th flight of Columbia. 14 d 0 h 12 m
164 Dec. 2 Endeavor STS-61 Richard Covey,
Kenneth Bowersox,
Thomas Akers,
Geoffrey Hoffman,
Catherine Thornton,
Claude Nicollier (Switzerland),
Story Musgrave
Picture
USA
The 59th shuttle flight. 5th flight of Endeavor. Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission. 10 d 19 h 58 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 75 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 75 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 192 (+15 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 89 (+7 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 37 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 304 (+20 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 164 (+9 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Titov, Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Manarov (for two flights) = 12984 h 32 m (541 d 00 h 32 m)
1994
165 January 8 Soyuz TM-18 Victor Afanasyev,
Yuri Usachev,
Valery Polyakov
Picture Russia Fifteenth long-term expedition on Mir station. Polyakov began his record duration space flight. He will land on March 22, 1995 at the Soyuz TM-20. 182 d 00 h 27 m
Polyakov - 10505 h 58 m (437 d 17 h 58 m)
166 February 3 Discovery STS-60 Charles Bolden,
Kenneth Reightler,
Jan Davis,
Ronald Sega,
Franklin Chang-Diaz,
Sergey Krikalev (Russia)
Picture
USA
The 60th shuttle flight. The 18th flight of Discovery. Krikalev is the first Russian cosmonaut on the American shuttle. 8 d 7 h 9 m
167 March 4 Columbia STS-62 John Casper,
Andrew Allen,
Pier Thuot,
Charles Gemar,
Marcia Ivins
Picture
USA
61st shuttle flight. 16th flight of Columbia. 13 d 23 h 17 m
168 April 9 Endeavor STS-59 Sydney Gutierrez,
Kevin Chilton,
Jay Apt,
Michael Clifford,
Linda Godwin,
Thomas Jones
Picture
USA
62nd shuttle flight. 6th flight of Endeavor. 11 d 5 h 50 m
169 July 1 Soyuz TM-19 Yuri Malenchenko, Talgat Musabaev (Kazakhstan) Picture Russia Sixteenth long-term expedition on Mir station. Polyakov is still on the station. 125 d 22 h 53 m
170 July 8 Columbia STS-65 Robert Cabana,
James Halsell,
Richard Hieb,
Carl Walz,
Leroy Chiao,
Donald Thomas,
Chiaki Naito-Mukai (Japan)
Picture
USA
63rd shuttle flight. The 17th flight of Columbia. 14 d 17 h 55 m
171 September 9 Discovery STS-64 Richard Richards , Blaine Hammond,
Jerry Linenger,
Susan Helms , Karl Meade , Mark Lee
Picture
USA
64th shuttle flight. The 19th flight of Discovery. 10 d 22 h 50 m
172 September 30 Endeavor STS-68 Michael Baker,
Terrence Wilcutt,
Thomas Jones,
Steven Smith,
Daniel Bursch,
Peter Wissoff
Picture
USA
The 65th shuttle flight. 7th flight of Endeavor. 11 d 5 h 46 m
173 October 3 Soyuz TM-20 Alexander Viktorenko,
Elena Kondakova,
Ulf Merbold (Germany)
Picture Russia The seventeenth long-term expedition on Mir station. Polyakov is still on the station. He will return on Earth with Viktorenko and Kondakova on 03/03/1995. Merbold flew two times with the Americans on shuttles, now with the Russians on the Soyuz. Merbold returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-19. 169 d 5 h 21 m
Merbold - 31 d 12 h 36 m
174 November 3 Atlantis STS-66 Donald McMonagle,
Curtis Brown,
Ellen Ochoa,
Joseph Tanner,
Scott Parazynski,
Jean-Francois Clervoy (France)
Picture
USA
The 66th shuttle flight. The 13th flight of Atlantis. 10 d 22 h 34 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 78 (+3 for the year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 78 (+3 per year)
  • US astronauts - 202 (+10 per year)
  • Manned Flights USA - 96 (+7 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 40 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 320 (+16 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 174 (+10 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Titov, Manarov) = 8782 h 40 m (365 d 22 h 40 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Manarov (for two flights) = 12984 h 32 m (541 d 00 h 32 m)
1995
175 February 3 Discovery STS-63 James Wetherbee,
Eileen Collins,
Bernard Harris,
Michael Foale,
Janice Voss,
Vladimir Titov (Russia)
Picture
USA
67th shuttle flight. The 20th flight of Discovery. Converging to 10 meters with the Russian space station Mir. Collins is the first female pilot of the shuttle. Titov is the second Russian cosmonaut on the American shuttle. 8 d 6 h 28 m
176 March 2 Endeavor STS-67 Stephen Oswald,
William Gregori,
John Grunsfeld,
Wendy Lawrence,
Tamara Jernigan,
Ronald Parise,
Samuel Durrence
Picture
USA
The 68th shuttle flight. 8th flight of Endeavor. At this time the longest flight of the shuttle. 16 d 15 h 8 m
177 March 14 Soyuz TM-21 Vladimir Dezhurov,
Gennady Strekalov,
Norman Thagart (USA)
Picture Russia Eighteenth long-term expedition on Mir station. Tagart - the first American in the Russian Soyuz. The crew returned on Earth in the shuttle Atlantis STS-71. Almost 438 days in space, on March 22, 1995, Polyakov goes on Earth.
A new record of the duration of stay in space - Polyakov = 10505 h 58 m (437 d 17 h 58 m).
A new record of the cumulative time in space - Polyakov (for two flights) = 15328 h 332 m (638 d 16 h 33 m).
Ship - 181 d 00 h 41 m
Crew - 115 d 8 h 43 m
178 June 27 Atlantis STS-71 Robert Gibson,
Charles Prekourt,
Yellen Baker,
Gregory Harbaugh,
Bonnie Dunbar,
Anatoly Solovyev,
Nikolay Budarin
Picture
USA
69th shuttle flight. The 14th flight of Atlantis. The first docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. Soloviev and Budarin stayed at the station and returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-21. Budarin is a Russian cosmonaut, he makes his first flight not on the Russian Soyuz but on the American shuttle. Dezhurov, Strekalov and Tagard returned on Earth in the shuttle. 9d 19h 22m
Solovyev and Strekalov - 75 d 11 h 20 m
179 July 13 Discovery STS-70 Terence Henricks,
Kevin Kregel,
Nancy Currie,
Donald Thomas,
Mary Weber
Picture
USA
70th shuttle flight. 21st flight of Discovery. 8 d 22 h 20 m
180 September 3 Soyuz TM-22 Yuri Gidzenko,
Sergey Avdeyev,
Thomas Reiter (Germany)
Picture Russia Twentieth long-term expedition on Mir station. 179 d 1 h 42 m
181 September 7 Endeavor STS-69 David Walker,
Kenneth Cockrell,
James Voss,
James Newman,
Michael Gernhardt
Picture
USA
71st shuttle flight. The 9th flight of Endeavor. 10 d 20 h 28 m
182 October 20 Columbia STS-73 Kenneth Bowersox
Kenneth Rominger,
Catherine Coleman,
Michael Lopez-Alegria,
Catherine Thornton,
Fred Leslie,
Albert Sacco
Picture
USA
The 72nd shuttle flight. The 18th flight of Columbia. 15 d 21 h 52 m
183 November 12 Atlantis STS-74 Kenneth Cameron,
James Halsell,
Chris Hadfield (Canada),
Jerry Ross,
William McArthur
Picture
USA
73th shuttle flight. The 15th flight of Atlantis. The second docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. 8 d 4 h 31 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of the USSR - 81 (+3 per year)
  • Manned flights of the USSR - 80 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 214 (+12 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 103 (+7 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 42 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 337 (+17 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 183 (+9 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Polyakov) = 10505 h 58 m (437 d 17 h 58 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Polyakov (for two flights) = 15328 h 332 m (638 d 16 h 33 m)
1996
184 January 11 Endeavor STS-72 Brian Duffy,
Brent Jett,
Leroy Chiao,
Winston Scott,
Daniel Barry,
Koichi Wakata (Japan)
Picture
USA
74th shuttle flight. The 10th flight of Endeavor. 8 d 22 h 1 m
185 February 21 Soyuz TM-23 Yuri Onufrienko,
Yuri Usachev
Picture Russia Twenty first long-term expedition on Mir station. 193 d 19 h 8 m
186 February 22 Columbia STS-75 Andrew Allen,
Scott Horowitz,
Jeffrey Hoffman,
Franklin Chang-Diaz,
Claude Nicollier (Switzerland),
Maurizio Cheli (Italy),
Umberto Guidoni (Italy)
Picture
USA
The 75th shuttle flight. The 19th flight of Columbia. 13 d 16 h 14 m
187 March 22 Atlantis STS-76 Richard Searfoss,
Kevin Chilton,
Linda Godwin,
Michael Clifford,
Ronald Sega,
Shannon Lucid
Picture
USA
The 76th shuttle flight. The 16th flight of Atlantis. The third docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. Shenon stayed on Mir station and returned on Earth in Atlantis STS-79. Shannon is holding a record of the space flight duraton for American astronauts and, at the same time for women. 9 d 5 h 16 m
Shannon - 188 d 4 h 0 m
188 May 19 Endeavor STS-77 John Casper,
Curtis Brown,
Andrew Thomas,
Daniel Bursch,
Mario Runco,
Mark Garneau (Canada)
Picture
USA
The 77th shuttle flight. 11th flight of Endeavor. 10 d 2 h 30 m
189 June 20 Columbia STS-78 Terence Henricks,
Kevin Kregel,
Richard Linnehan,
Susan Helms, Charles Brady,
Jean-Jacques Favier (France),
Robert Thirsck (Canada)
Picture
USA
78th shuttle flight. The 20th flight of Columbia. 16 d 21 h 48 m
190 February 21 Soyuz TM-24 Valery Korzun,
Alexander Kalery,
Claudie Andre-Deshay (France)
Picture Russia Twenty-second long-term expedition on Mir station. Claudie Andre-Deshay is the first French femal cosmonaut. Claudie Andre-Deshay returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-23. 196 d 17 h 26 m
Andre-Deshay - 15 d 18 h 2 m
191 September 16 Atlantis STS-79 William Readdy,
Terrence Wilcutt,
Jay Apt,
Thomas Akers,
Carl Walz,
John Blaha
Picture
USA
79th shuttle flight. The 17th flight of Atlantis. The fourth docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. Blaha stayed on Mir station and returned on Earth in Atlantis STS-81. Shannon returned on Earth. 10 d 3 h 19 m
Blaha - 128 d 5 h 28 m
192 November 19 Columbia STS-80 Kenneth Cockrell,
Kenneth Rominger,
Tamara Jernigan,
Thomas Jones,
Story Musgrave
Picture
USA
80th shuttle flight. The 21st flight of Columbia. Musgrave commits second, after Yang , the sixth space flight. At the time, the longest flight of the shuttle. 17 d 15 h 53 m
Year Summary
  • Russian cosmonauts - 83 (+2 per year)
  • xPotted flights of Russia - 82 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 221 (+7 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 110 (+7 per year)
  • Astronauts from other countries - 48 (+6 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 352 (+15 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 192 (+9 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Polyakov) = 10505 h 58 m (437 d 17 h 58 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Polyakov (for two flights) = 15328 h 332 m (638 d 16 h 33 m)
1997
193 January 12 Atlantis STS-81 Michael Baker,
Brent Jett,
Peter Wisoff,
John Grunsfeld,
Marcia Ivins,
Jerry Linenger
Picture
USA
81st shuttle flight. The 18th flight of Atlantis. The fifth docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. Linenger stayed on Mir station and returned on Earth in Atlantis STS-84. Blaha returned on Earth. 10 d 4 h 56 m
Linenger - 132 d 4 h 00 m
194 February 10 Soyuz TM-25 Vasily Tsibliyev,
Alexander Lazutkin,
Reinhold Ewald (Germany)
Picture Russia Twenty-third long-term expedition on Mir station. On June 25 Progress M-34 collided with the station. The Spectrum module was depressurized. Ewald returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-24. 184 d 22 h 8 m
Ewald - 19 d 16 h 35 m
195 February 11 Discovery STS-82 Kenneth Bauersox,
Scott Horowitz,
Joseph Tanner,
Steven Hawley,
Gregory Harbaugh,
Mark Lee , Steven Smith
Picture
USA
82nd shuttle flight. The 22nd flight of Discovery. The second Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission. 9 d 23 h 36 m
196 April 4 Columbia STS-83 James Halsell,
Susan Still,
Janice Voss,
Michael Gernhardt,
Donald Thomas,
Roger Crouch,
Greg Linteris
Picture
USA
The 83rd shuttle flight. The 22nd flight of Columbia. 3 d 23 h 34 m
197 May 15 Atlantis STS-84 Charles Precourt,
Eileen Collins,
Carlos Noriega,
Michael Foale,
Edward Lu,
Jean-François Clervoy (France),
Elena Kondakova (Russia)
Picture
USA
The 84th shuttle flight. The 19th flight of Atlantis. Sixth docking of the shuttle with the station "Mir". Foale stayed on Mir station and returned on Earth in Atlantis STS-86. Linenger returned on Earth. 9 d 5 h 21 m
Foalt - 144 d 13 h 47 m
198 July 1 Columbia STS-94 James Halsell,
Susan Still,
Janice Voss,
Michael Gernhardt,
Donald Thomas,
Roger Crouch,
Greg Linteris
Picture
USA
The 85th shuttle flight. The 23rd flight of Columbia. Repetition of unsuccessful flight STS-83. 15 d 16 h 45 m
199 August 5 Soyuz TM-26 Anatoly Solovyev,
Pavel Vinogradov
Picture Russia Twenty fourth long-term expedition on Mir station. 197 d 17 h 3 m
200 August 7 Discovery STS-85 Curtis Brown,
Kent Rominger,
Jaan Davis,
Robert Curbeam,
Stephen Robinson,
Bjarni Tryggvason (Canada)
Picture
USA
86th shuttle flight. 23rd flight of Discovery. 11 d 20 h 27 m
201 September 25 Atlantis STS-86 James Wetherbee,
Michael Bloomfield
Scott Parazinski,
Wendy Lawrence,
David Wolf,
Vladimir Titov (Russia),
Jean-Loup Chretien (France)
Picture
USA
87th shuttle flight. The 20th flight of Atlantis. The seventh docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. Wolf remained on Mir station and returned on Earth in Endeavor STS-89. Foale returned on Earth. 10 d 19 h 21 m
Wolf - 127 d 20 h 1 m
202 November 19 Columbia STS-87 Wendy Lawrence,
Kevin Kregel,
Steven Lindsey,
Kalpana Chawla,
Winston Scott,
Takao Doi (Japan),
Leonid Kadenyuk (Ukraine)
Picture
USA
88th shuttle flight. 24th flight of Columbia. Kadenyuk is the first cosmonaut of Ukraine. 15 d 16 h 34 m
Year Summary
  • Russian cosmonauts - 85 (+2 per year)
  • Manned flights of Russia - 84 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 231 (+10 per year)
  • US manned flights - 118 (+8 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 52 (+4 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 368 (+16 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 202 (+10 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Polyakov) = 10505 h 58 m (437 d 17 h 58 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Polyakov (for two flights) = 15328 h 332 m (638 d 16 h 33 m)
1998
203 January 22 Endeavor STS-89 Terrence Wilcutt,
Joe Edwards
James Reilly,
Michael Anderson,
Bonnie Dunbar,
Andrew Thomas,
Salizhan Sharipov (Russia)
Picture
USA
89th shuttle flight. The 12th flight of Endeavor. The eighth docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. Wolfe returned on Earth. Thomas stayed on Mir station and returned on Earth in Discovery STS-91. 8 d 19 h 47 m - Thomas - 10 d 15 h 12 m
204 January 29 Soyuz TM-27 Talgat Musabaev (Kazakhstan),
Nikolay Budarin,
Leopold Eyharts (France)
Picture Russia Twenty fifth long-term expedition on Mir station. Leopold Eyharts returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-26. 207 d 12 h 49 m
Eyhartz - 20 d 16 h 36 m
205 April 17 Columbia STS-90 Richard Searfoss,
Scott Altman
Richard Linnehan,
Katherine Hire,
Dafydd Williams Williams (Canada),
Jay Buckley,
James Pawelczyk
Picture
USA
The 90th shuttle flight. 25th flight of Columbia. 15 d 21 h 50 m
206 June 2 Discovery STS-91 Charles Prekourt,
Dominic Gorie,
Franklin Chang-Diaz, Wendy Lawrence,
Janet Kavandi,
Valery Ryumin (Russia)
Picture
USA
91st shuttle flight. 24th flight of Discovery. The ninth (and last) docking of the shuttle with the station Mir. Thomas returned on Earth. 9 d 19 h 48 m
207 August 13 Soyuz TM-28 Gennady Padalka,
Sergey Avdeyev,
Yuri Baturin
Picture Russia Twenty-sixth long-term expedition on Mir station. Baturin returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-27. Padalka returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-28. Avdeyev returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-29 on August 28, 1999. This will be the second (after Polyakov) duration of the space flight. On the sum of three flights, Avdeyev becomes a record holder - 17942 h 12 m (747 d 14 with 12 m). 198 d 16 h 31 m
Baturin - 11 d 19 h 40 m
Avdeyev - 379 d 14 h 51 m
208 October 29 Discovery STS-95 Curtis Brown,
Steven Lindsey,
Scott Parazinski,
Stephen Robinson,
John Glenn,
Pedro Duque (Spain),
Chiaki Mukai (Japan)
Picture
USA
92th shuttle flight. 25th flight of Discovery. Duque is the first astronaut from Spain. Glenn is making the second flight at the age of 77 years. 8 d 21 h 44 m
209 December 4 Endeavor STS-88 Robert Cabana,
Frederick Sturckow,
James Newman,
Nancy Currie,
Jerry Ross,
Sergey Krikalev (Russia)
Picture
USA
The 93rd shuttle flight. The 13th flight of Endeavor. The first American module (Unity) was docked to the ISS. 11 d 19 h 18 m
Year Summary
  • Cosmonauts of Russia - 88 (+3 per year)
  • Russia's Manned flights - 86 (+2 per year)
  • US astronauts - 241 (+10 per year)
  • US Manned flights - 123 (+5 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 55 (+3 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 384 (+16 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 209 (+7 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Polyakov) = 10505 h 58 m (437 d 17 h 58 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Polyakov (for two flights) = 15328 h 332 m (638 d 16 h 33 m)
1999
210 February 20 Soyuz TM-29 Victor Afanasyev,
Jean-Pierre Haignere (France),
Ivan Bella (Slovakia)
Picture Russia Twenty seventh long-term expedition on Mir station. Bella is the first cosmonaut from Slovakia. Bella returned on Earth in Soyuz TM-28. Afanasyev, Haignere and Avdeyev left the Mir station and returned on Earth on August 28. This actually ended the space epic of the Mir station. Station Mir was depopulated. Almost 10 years, since September 8, 1989, replacing each other astronauts remained always on the station Mir. On the sum of three flights, Avdeyev becomes the record holder - 17942 h 12 m (747 d 14 from 12 m). 188 d 20 h 16 m
Bella - 7 d 21 h 56 m
211 May 27 Discovery STS-96 Kenneth Rominger,
Rick Husband,
Daniel Barry,
Ellen Ochoa,
Tamara Jernigan,
Julie Payette (Canada),
Valery Tokarev (Russia)
Picture
USA
The 94th shuttle flight. 26th flight of Discovery. 9d 19h 13m
212 July 23 Columbia STS-93 Eileen Collins
Geoffrey Ashby,
Stephen Hawley,
Catherine Coleman,
Michel Tognini (France)
Picture
USA
The 95th shuttle flight. 26th flight of Columbia. Collins is the first female commander of the shuttle. 4 d 22 h 50 m
213 December 19 Discovery STS-103 Curtis Brown,
Scott Kelly,
Steven Smith,
Michael Foale,
John Grunsfeld,
Claude Nicollier (Switzerland),
Jean-Francois Clervoy (France)
Picture
USA
The 96th shuttle flight. The 27th flight of Discovery. The third Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission. 7 d 23 h 11 m
Year Summary
  • Russian cosmonauts - 89 (+1 for the year)
  • Manned flights of Russia - 87 (+1 per year)
  • US astronauts - 244 (+3 per year)
  • US mahhed flights - 126 (+3 per year)
  • Cosmonauts from other countries - 57 (+2 per year)
  • Total astronauts and cosmonauts - 390 (+6 per year)
  • Total manned flights - 213 (+4 per year)
  • The record of flight duration (Polyakov) = 10505 h 58 m (437 d 17 h 58 m)
  • Record of cumulative time in space - Avdeyev (for three flights) = 17942 h 12 m (747d 14 with 12 m)

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